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Bunion Pain (Hallux Valgus)

What is Bunion Pain / Hallux Valgus (Bunions)?

Hallux Valgus or Bunions is a common condition that affects the forefoot, in particular the big toe and its associated joints. It is formed in the joint at the base of the big toe, where the big toe joint becomes deformed and the large toe moves towards the second toe. The deviation causes a “bump” or exostosis on the inside of the foot. This is often caused because of the shape for your foot or collapsing arches. Pressure from footwear and activity often aggravates the bump or bunion and can cause the deformity to progress. 

Bunions can lead to Arthritis if not treated. Other common contributing factors are poorly fitting or narrow footwear and high-heeled shoes. If these factors are addressed by a Podiatrist the progression of the condition can be slowed, however if the reasons for the bunion are not removed then bunions can continue to deform and can be very painful. This can also contribute to further shoe fit concerns and make activities such as walking very difficult.

How long will it last?

Once a Bunion is formed it may progress with age and be aggravated by the type of shoes you wear as well as your type of activity.

It may be with you for life and there are ways of treating Bunions that can reduce the pain or deformity. Sometimes your Podiatrist may recommend a Surgical opinion if treatment is unsuccessful.


The symptoms Bunion Pain are:

  • Aching at the joint.
  • Angulation of the joint at the base of the big toe.
  • Difficulty with walking long distances. This can lead to knee, hip and back pain.
  • Loss of movement in the joint at the big toe.
  • Pain with wearing heals or tight fitting shoes.

Suggestions for managing Bunions

  • Initially you should aim to reduce as much pressure on the bunion as possible by wearing broad, professionally fitted footwear.
  • If you are still experiencing pain we recommend a consultation with one of our Podiatrists. Any biomechanical abnormalities (flattening or pronating of feet) can be addressed with either footwear suggestions or Orthotics professionally made to suit your feet.
  • If conservative measures fail our Podiatrist may suggest you see a Surgeon who specializes in feet.

Contact us now to discuss treatment options for Bunions.